New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science


Larry S. Crumpler, Ph. D.

Research Curator, Volcanology and Space Science

(Volcanoes of New Mexico website)

(Rover Field Reports from Mars)

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Larry's current research is divided between two topics: 1) young volcanic terrains in both New Mexico and Arizona, specializing in the physical processes of volcanism, particularly the relatively unstudied volcanology of late Cenozoic basaltic volcanism in New Mexico; and 2) geology of the terrestrial planets with emphasis on planetary volcanism. His field work has focused on geologic mapping in youthful volcanic terrains and the physical volcanology of lava flows. He has spear-headed several public education efforts in regional volcanism and local geology.

Larry has also participated in many NASA planetary missions over the years, including Viking, Pathfinder, and Mars Exploration Rover missions and Magellan synthetic aperture radar mapping missions to Venus. Currently he is a mission Science Team member on the Mars Exploration Rover ("MER") mission where he continues to play a leadership role in daily planning of Opportunity's "natural history" exploration of the surface of Mars. He is also  a Science Team Member on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter high-resolution camera ("HiRISE"). HiRISE is imaging the surface of Mars with resolutions of centimeters. He is also been a collaborator on the Mars Odyssey orbiter Gamma Ray Spectrometer ("GRS") instrument.


The Volcanoes of New Mexico

"New Mexico is a virtual outdoor museum of volcanic phenomena. My goal is to help everyone appreciate this and the fact that volcanoes are one of the single most important natural history characteristic that really sets New Mexico apart from most of the other Southwestern states. Every major type of volcanic landform occurs in New Mexico, including some of the largest and youngest lava flows and calderas, maars, shield volcanoes and many other volcanic landforms. And an exotic rift valley and classic 'layer-cake' geology have been added for visual beauty as well. It is like another planet."

Mars Rover Field Notes: 

A 21st century natural history expedition to another planet

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Selected Recent Publications


S. W. Squyres, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, F. Calef III, B. C. Clark, B. A. Cohen, L. S. Crumpler, P. A. de Souza Jr., W. H. Farrand, R. Gellert, J. Grant, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz,J. R. Johnson,B. L. Jolliff,A. H. Knoll,R. Li,S. M. McLennan, D. W. Ming, D. W. Mittlefehldt, T. J. Parker, G. Paulsen, M. S. Rice, S. W. Ruff, C. Schröder, A. S. Yen, K. Zacny, 2012. Ancient Impact and Aqueous Processes at Endeavour Crater, Mars. Science 336, 570 doi: 10.1126/science.1220476.

Garry, W. B., M. S. Robinson, J. R. Zimbelman, J. E. Bleacher, B. R. Hawke, L. S. Crumpler, S. E. Braden, and H. Sato, 2012. The origin of Ina: Evidence for inflated lava flows on the Moon. Jour. Geophys. Res,  117, E00H31, doi:10.1029/2011JE003981.



Crumpler, L. S., R. E. Arvidson, S. W. Squyres, T. McCoy, A. Yingst, S. Ruff, W. Farrand, Y. McSween, M. Powell, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, J. F. Bell III, J. Grant, R. Greeley, D. DesMarais, M. Schmidt, N. A. Cabrol, A. Haldemann, K. W. Lewis, A. E. Wang, C. Schröder, D. Blaney, B. Cohen, A. Yen, J. Farmer, R. Gellert, E. A. Guinness, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. R. Johnson, G. Klingelhöfer, A. McEwen, J. W. Rice Jr., M. Rice, P. deSouza, and J. Hurowitz, (2011). Field reconnaissance geologic mapping of the Columbia Hills, Mars, based on Mars Exploration Rover Spirit and MRO HiRISE observations, J. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F24, doi:10.1029/2010JE003749 Publication Date: 6 July 2011.

Li, R., S. He, Y. Chen, M. Tang, P. Tang, K. Di, L. Matthies, R. E. Arvidson, S. W. Squyres, L. S. Crumpler, T. Parker, and M. Sims, (2011). MER Spirit rover localization: Comparison of ground image– and orbital image–based methods and science applications. J. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F16, doi:10.1029/2010JE003773.

Aileen Yingst, R. , B. A. Cohen, L. Crumpler, M. E. Schmidt and C. M. Schrader, 2011. Testing Mars-inspired operational strategies for semi-autonomous rovers on the Moon: The GeoHeuristic Operational Strategies Test in New Mexico. Mars 6, 13-31, 2011; doi:10.1555/mars.2011.0002



Crumpler, L.S., 2010. Mount Taylor volcanic field. In G. Price editor, “ The Geology of Northern New Mexico's Parks, Monuments, and Public Lands”, NM Bureau Geology and Mineral Resources, Socorro, 380 p.


Arvidson, R. E., J. F. Bell III, P. Bellutta, N. A. Cabrol, J. G. Catalano, J. Cohen, L. S. Crumpler, D. J. Des Marais, T. A. Estlin, W. H. Farrand, R. Gellert, J. A. Grant, R. N. Greenberger, E. A. Guinness, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Herman, K. D. Iagnemma, J. R. Johnson, G. Klingelhöfer, R. Li, K. A. Lichtenberg, S. A. Maxwell, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, M. S. Rice, S. W. Ruff, A. Shaw, K. L. Siebach, P. A. de Souza, A. W. Stroupe, S. W. Squyres, R. J. Sullivan, K. P. Talley, J. A. Townsend, A. Wang, J. R. Wright, and A. S. Yen . (2010). Spirit Mars Rover Mission: Overview and selected results from the northern Home Plate Winter Haven to the side of Scamander crater, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00F03, doi:10.1029/2010JE003633 [printed 116(E7), 2011]


McEwen, AlfredS., Maria E. Banks, Nicole Baugh, Kris Becker, Aaron Boyd, James W. Bergstrom, Ross A. Beyer, Edward Bortolini, Nathan T. Bridges, Shane Byrne, Bradford Castalia, Frank C. Chuang, Larry S. Crumpler, Ingrid Daubara, Alix K. Davatzes, Donald G. Deardorff, Alaina DeJong, W. Alan Delamerei, Eldar NoeDobre, Colin M. Dundas, Eric M. Eliason, Yisrael Espinoza, Audrie Fennema, Kathryn E. Fishbaugh, Terry Forrester, Paul E. Geissler, John A. Grant,  Jennifer. Griffes, John P. Grotzinger, Virginia C. Gulick, Candice J. Hansen, Kenneth E. Herkenhoff,  RodneyHeyd, WindyL. Jaeger, Dean Jones, Bob Kanefsky, Laszlo Keszthelyi, RobertKing, Randolph L. Kirk, Kelly J. Kolb, Jeffrey Lasco, Alexandra Lefort, Richard Leis, Kevin W. Lewis, Sara Martinez-Alonsom, Sarah Mattson, Guy McArthur, Michael T. Mellon, Joanna M. Metz, Moses P. Milazzob, Ralph E. Millikene, Tahirih Motazedian, Chris H. Okubo, Albert Ortiz, Andrea J. Philippoff, Joseph Plassmann, Anjani Polit, Patrick S. Russell, Christian Schallera Mindi L. Searls, Timothy Spriggs, Steven W. Squyres, StevenTarr, Nicolas Thomas, Bradley J. Thomsone, Livio L. Tornabene, Charlie VanHouten, CirceVerba, Catherine M. Weitz, JamesJ . Wray, The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) during MRO’s Primary Science Phase (PSP). Icarus 205, 2–37, (2010).



Tanaka, Kenneth L., James A. Skinner, Jr., L. S. Crumpler, James M. Dohm. Assessment of planetary geologic mapping techniques for Mars using  terrestrial analogues: The SP Mountain     area of the San Francisco Volcanic Field, Arizona. Planetary and Space Science, 57, 510-532, 2009.



Lewis, Kevin W.; Aharonson, Oded; Grotzinger, John P.; Squyres, Steven W.; Bell, James F., III; Crumpler, Larry S.; Schmidt, Mariek E. (2008). Structure and stratigraphy of Home Plate from the Spirit Mars Exploration Rover. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 113, No. E12, E12S36.10.1029/2007JE003025.


Farrand, W.H, J. F. Bell III, J. R. Johnson, R. E. Arvidson, L. S. Crumpler, J. A. Hurowitz, and C. Schroder, Rock spectral classes observed by the Spirit Rover's Pancam on the Gusev Crater Plains and in the Columbia Hills. December, 2008. JGR-Planets, Vol. 113, E12S38, doi:10.1029/2008JE003237


Yingst, R.A., L. Crumpler, R. Li, W. Farrand, Morphology and texture of particles along the Spirit rover traverse from sol 450 to sol 745, J. Geophys. Res. 113, 2008.


Wang, Alian, J. F. Bell III, Ron Li,  J. R. Johnson, W. H. Farrand, E. A. Cloutis, R. E. Arvidson, L.Crumpler, S. W. Squyres, S. M. McLennan, K. E. Herkenhoff, S. W. Ruff, A. T.Light-Toned Salty Soils and Coexisting Si-rich Species  Discovered by the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit in Columbia Hills. J. Geophys. Res. 113,2008.

McCoy, T. J.,  M. Sims,, M. E. Schmidt, L. Edwards, L. L. Tornabene, L. S. Crumpler, B. A. Cohen, L. A. Soderblom, D. L. Blaney, S. W. Squyres, R. E. Arvidson,  J. W. Rice Jr., E. Treguier, C. d’Uston, J. A. Grant, H. Y. McSween Jr.,, M. P. Golombek, A. F. C. Haldemann, and P. A. de Souza Jr.. Structure, stratigraphy, and origin of Husband Hill, Columbia Hills, Gusev Crater, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E06S03, doi:10.1029/2007JE003041, 2008.


S.W. Squyres, R.E. Arvidson, S. Ruff, R. Gellert, R.V. Morris, D. W. Ming, L. Crumpler, J.D. Farmer, D.J. Des Marais, A.Yen, S.M. McLennan, W. Calvin, J.F. Bell, III, B.C. Clark, A. Wang, T.J. McCoy, M.E. Schmidt, P.A. de Souza, Jr., Detection of Silica-Rich Deposits on Mars. Science, 320, 1063-1067, 2008. 



Newsom, Horton E., L. S. Crumpler, Robert C. Reedy, Michael T. Petersen, Gary C. Newsom, L.G. Evans, G. J. Taylor, J.M.Keller, D. M. Janes, W.V.Boynton, K.E.Kerry, and S.Karunatillake, Geochemistry of martian soil and bedrock in mantled and less mantled terrains with gamma ray data from Mars Odyssey. Jour. Geophys. Res., 112, E03S121, doi:10.10299/2006JE002680, 2007.


Squyres, S. W.,, O. Aharonson, B. C. Clark, B.A. Cohen, L. Crumpler, P.A. de Souza, W. H. Farrand, R. Gellert, J. Grant, J. P. Grotzinger, A. F. C. Haldemann, J.R. Johnson, G. Klingelhofer, K.W.Lewis, R. Li., T. McCoy, A.S.McEwen, H.Y. McSween, D.W. Ming, J.M. Moore, R.V.Morris, T.J.Parker, J.W.Rice Jr,., S.Ruff, M.Schmidt, C.Schroder, L.A.Soderblom, A. Yen, Pyroclastic activity at Home Plate in Gusev Crater. Science, 316, 738-742, 2007.


Crumpler, L. S.,  J.C. Aubele, and J.R. Zimbelman, Chapter 10; Volcanic features of New Mexico analogous to volcanic features on Mars. Mars Analogs, Cambridge University Press, M. Chapman editor, 2007.



Golombek, M. P. , J. A. Grant, L. S. Crumpler, R. Greeley, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, C. M. Weitz, R. Sullivan,P. R. Christensen, L. A. Soderblom, and S. W. Squyres, (2006) Erosion rates at the Mars Exploration Rover landing sites and long-term climate change on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, Planets, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E12S10, doi:10.1029/2006JE002754.


Squyres, Steven W., Raymond E. Arvidson, Diana L. Blaney, Benton C. Clark, Larry Crumpler, William H. Farrand, Stephen Gorevan, Kenneth E. Herkenhoff, Joel Hurowitz, Alastair Kusack, Harry Y. McSween, Douglas W. Ming, Richard V. Morris, Steven W. Ruff, Alian Wang, and Albert Yen, The Rocks of the Columbia Hills. J. Geophys Res., Special MER Issue, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JE002562, 2006.


Squyres, S.W., Arvidson, R.E., Bollen, D., Bell III, J.F., Brückner, J., Cabrol, N.A., Calvin, W.M., Carr, M.H., Christensen, P.R., Clark, B.C., Crumpler, L., Des Marais, D.J., d'Uston, C., Economou, T., Farmer, J., Farrand, W.H., Folkner, W., Gellert, R., Glotch, T.D., Golombek, M.P., Gorevan, S., Grant, J.A., Greeley, R., Grotzinger, J., Herkenhoff, K.E., Hviid, S., Johnson, J.R., Klingelhöfer, G., Knoll, A.H., Landis, G., Lemmon, M.T., Li, R., Madsen, M.B., Malin, M.C., McLennan, S.M., McSween, H.Y., Ming, D.W., Moersch, J., Morris, R.V., Parker, T., Rice, J.W., Richter, L., Rieder, R., Schröder, C., Sims, M., Smith, M., Smith, P., Soderblom, L.A., Sullivan, R.J., Tosca, N.J., Wänke, H., Wdowiak, T., Wolff, M.J., Yen, A.S. Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics
volume 111, issue 12, year 2006, pp. -


Grant, J. A., R.Arvidson, L.S. Crumpler, M.P. Golombek, B. Hahn, A.F.C. Haldemann, R. Li, L.A. Soderblom, S. W. Squyres, S. P. Wright, and W. A. Watters, Crater Gradation in Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. J. Geophys Res., Special MER Issue, 111, E02S08, doi:10.1029/2005JE002465, 2006.


Golombek, M. P. , L. S. Crumpler, J. A. Grant, R. Greeley, N. A. Cabrol, T. J. Parker, J. W. Rice Jr., J. G. Ward, R. E. Arvidson, J. E. Moersch, R. L. Fergason, P. R. Christensen, A. Castaño, R. Castaño, A. F. C. Haldemann, R. Li, J. F. Bell III and S. W. Squyres, Geology of the Gusev cratered plains from the Spirit rover transverse, J. Geophys. Res, 111, E02S07, doi:10.1029/2005JE002503, 2006.


Wang, Alian , Randy L. Korotev, Bradley L. Jolliff, Larry A. Haskin, Larry Crumpler, William H. Farrand, Ken E. Herkenhoff, Paulo de Souza Jr., Alastair G. Kusack, Joel A. Hurowitz, Nicholas J.Tosca,  Evidence of Phyllosilicates in Wooly Patch, an Altered Rock Encountered at West Spur, Columbia Hills, by the Spirit Rover in Gusev Crater, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., Special MER Issue, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JE002516, 2006.



Arvidson, R.E. , S.W. Squyres, R.C. Anderson, J.F. Bell III, J. Brückner, N.A. Cabrol, W.M. Calvin, M.H. Carr, P.R. Christensen, B.C. Clark, L. Crumpler, D.J. Des Marais,  C. d’Uston, T. Economou, J. Farmer, W.H. Farrand, W. Folkner, M. Golombek, S. Gorevan, J.A. Grant, R. Greeley, J. Grotzinger, E. Guinness, B.C. Hahn, L. Haskin, K.E. Herkenhoff, J.A. Hurowitz, S. Hviid,  J.R. Johnson, G. Klingelhöfer, A.H. Knoll, G. Landis, C. Leff, M. Lemmon, R. Li, M.B. Madsen, M.C. Malin, S.M. McLennan, H.Y. McSween, D. W. Ming, J. Moersch, R.V. Morris, T. Parker, J. W. Rice Jr., L. Richter, R. Rieder, D.S. Rodionov, C. Schröder , M. Sims, M. Smith, P. Smith,  L.A. Soderblom, R. Sullivan, S.D. Thompson, N.J. Tosca, A. Wang, H. Wänke, J. Ward, T. Wdowiak, M.Wolff, A. Yen., Overview of the Spirit Mars Exploration Rover Mission to Gusev Crater: Landing Site to the Methuselah Outcrop in the Columbia Hills. J. Geophys. Res., Special MER Issue, 111, E02S01,doi:10.1029/2005JE002499, 2005.


Li, Rongxing , Brent A. Archinal, Raymond E. Arvidson, Jim Bell, Philip Christensen, Larry Crumpler, David J. Des Marais, Kaichang Di, Tom Duxbury, Matt Golombek, John Grant, Ronald Greeley, Joe Guinn, Andrew Johnson, Randolph L. Kirk, Mark Maimone, Larry H. Matthies, Mike Malin, Tim Parker, Mike Sims, Shane Thompson, Steven W. Squyres, Larry A. Soderblom, Rover Localization and Topographic Mapping at the Landing site of Gusev Crater, Mars. J. Geophys Res., Special MER Issue, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JE002483, 2005.

Li , Rongxing, Steven W. Squyres, Raymond E. Arvidson, Jim Bell, Yang  Cheng, Larry Crumpler, David J. Des Marais, Kaichang Di, Todd A. Ely,  Matt Golombek , Eric Graat, John Grant, Joe Guinn, Andrew Johnson, Ron  Greeley, Randolph L. Kirk, Mark Maimone, Larry H. Matthies, Mike Malin,  Tim Parker, Mike Sims, Larry A. Soderblom, Shane Thompson, Jue Wang,  Patrick Whelley, and Fengliang Xu, Initial Results of Rover Localization and Topographic Mapping for  the 2003 Mars Exploration Rover Mission. Journal of Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 71, 1129-1142, 2005.


McSween,H. Y., M. B Wyatt, R. Gellert, J. F. Bell III, R. V. Morris, K. E. Herkenhoff, L. S. Crumpler, K. A. Milam, K. R. Stockstill, L. Tornabene, R. E. Arvidson, P. Bartlett, D. Blaney, N. A. Cabrol, P. R.  Christensen, B. C. Clark, J. A. Crisp, D. J. Des Marais, T. Economou, J. D. Farmer, W. Farrand, A. Ghosh, M. Golombek, S. Gorevan, R. Greeley, V. E. Hamilton, J. R. Johnson, B. L. Joliff, G. Klingelhoefer, A. T. Knudson, S. McLennan, D. Ming, J. E. Moersch, R. Rieder, S. W. Ruff, C. Schroeder, P. A. de Souza Jr., S. W. Squyres, H. Wänke, A. Wang, A. Yen, J. Zipfel, Characterization and petrologic interpretation of olivine-rich basalts at Gusev Crater, Mars. J. Geophys Res., Special MER Issue, 111, E02S10, doi:10.1029/2005JE002477, 2005.


Wang, Alian , Randy L. Korotev, Bradley L. Jolliff, Larry A. Haskin, Larry Crumpler, William H. Farrand, Ken E. Herkenhoff, Paulo de Souza Jr., Alastair G. Kusack, Joel A. Hurowitz, Nicholas J.Tosca,  Evidence of Phyllosilicates in Wooly Patch, an Altered Rock Encountered at West Spur, Columbia Hills, by the Spirit Rover in Gusev Crater, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., Special MER Issue, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JE002516, 2005.


Wang, Alian, L. A. Haskin, S. W. Squyres, B. L. Jolliff, L. Crumpler, R. Gellert, C. Schröder, K. Herkenhoff, J. Hurowitz, N. J. Tosca, W. H. Farrand, Robert Anderson, A.  T. Knudson, Sulfate Deposition in Subsurface Regolith  in Gusev Crater, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., Special MER Issue, 111, doi:10.1029/2005JE002513, 2005.


Crumpler, L. S., S. W. Squyres, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell, III, D. Blaney, N. A. Cabrol, P. R. Christensen, D. J. DesMarais, J. D. Farmer, R. Fergason, M. P. Golombek, F. D. Grant, J. A. Grant, R. Greeley, B. Hahn, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz,  G. A. Landis, R. Li, J. Maki, H. Y. McSween, D. W. Ming, J. E. Moersch, M. C. Payne, J. W. Rice, L. Richter, S. W. Ruff, M. Sims, S. D. Thompson,  N. Tosca, A. Wang, P. Whelley, S. P. Wright, and M. B. Wyatt, MER Geologic Traverse Science by the Spirit Rover in the Plains of Gusev Crater, Mars. Geology,  33, 808-812,  2005.


Haskin, L. A., Wang, A., McSween, H.Y., McLennan, S.M., Cabrol, N.A., Crumpler, L.S., Jolliff, B.L., Yen, A., Clark, B.C., Des Mara's, D.J., Squyres, S.W., Arvidson, R.E., Ming, D., Morris, R.D., Tosca, N.J., Hurowitz, J.A., Gellert, R., Klingelhöfer, G., Bell, III, J.F., Herkenhoff, K., Christensen, P.R., Ruff, S., Blaney, D., Farmer, J.D., Grant, J., Greeley, R., Grin, E.A., Landis, G., Rice, J., Richter, L., Schröder, C., Soderblom, L.A., de Souza, P., 2004, Water Alteration of Rocks and Soils from the Spirit Rover Site, Gusev Crater, Mars. Nature, 436, 66-69, 2005.


Golombek, M.P., R.E.Arvidson, J.F.Bell III, P.R. Christensen,, J.A.Crisp, L.S.Crumpler, B.L. Ehlmann, R. L. Fergason, J.A.Grant, R.Greeley, A.F.C.Haldemann, D.M.Kass, T.J.Parker, J.T.Schofield, S.W. Squyres, and R.W. Zurek, Assessment of Mars Exploration Rover landing site predictions. Nature, 436, 44-48, 2005.

Gilmore M.S., G.C. Collins, L.S. Crumpler, J.A. Cutts, A.V. deCharon, J.W. Head, III , K.T. Nock, M. Parry, R.A. Yingst, Investigation of  the application of aerobot technology at Venus. Acta. Astonautica, 56, 477-494, 2005.